EB-5 (Employment-based Fifth Preference), which means “the fifth type of priority employment immigrants”, is an immigration project established by the United States to attract overseas investment, aiming to create more jobs through investment by foreign investors. To stimulate the development of the US economy. The EB-5 Investment Immigration Act was passed by the US Congress in 1990. Two years after the trial, it was upgraded to a long-term bill in 1992.
The Content of the Bill:
Under the Act, foreign immigrant applicants investing in the United States to create a commercial enterprise that benefits the US economy and create 10 full-time employment opportunities for US workers will be eligible for a two-year "conditional immigrant visa" (commonly known as "temporary" Green card). 90 days before the expiration of two years, if the investment behavior of the immigrant investor still exists, you can apply for “conditional removal” and obtain a permanent Green Card to become a permanent resident of the United States.
The investment in the EB-5 investment immigration project is US$1 million. If the investment target is located in the Targeted Employment Area ("TEA Area"), the investment amount can be reduced to 500,000 US dollars.
There are two types of investment methods for EB-5 investment immigration projects: direct investment and “regional center” investments.
Direct Investment: Investors set up a company directly in the United States and employ 10 legal employees.
Regional Center Investment: Investing through a “Regional Center” investment company accredited by the US Immigration Service. The so-called "Regional Center" refers to a local company approved by the US Immigration Service to invest in investment immigration. The biggest advantage of investing in immigrants through the “Regional Center” is that the statistics on the number of employees employed are more flexible, and it is sufficient to directly or indirectly create 10 jobs.
EB-5 Act Dynamics:
On May 5, 2017, US President Trump signed the Omnibus Appropriations Bill, which extended the EB-5 reform program to September 30 again. This is undoubtedly a great news for applicants who are interested in investing in the United States. However, within the US Congress, there has been a call for raising the amount of investment, and the number of applicants for EB-5 is increasing year by year, and the possibility of the US adjusting the EB-5 bill in the future is also growing.
Therefore, those who intend to obtain US status through investment immigration should pay close attention to the application in the extension of the bill, otherwise it is very likely to face the risk of long scheduling and price increases.
EB-5(Employment-based Fifth Preference) ，意为“第五类优先就业型移民”，是美国一项为吸引海外投资而设立的移民项目，旨在通过外国投资者的投资创造更多就业岗位，以刺激美国经济的发展。EB-5投资移民法案于1990年由美国议会通过，试行两年后，于1992年被升格为长期法案。
EB-5投资移民项目的投资额为美金100万元。如果投资标的位于“目标就业区”（Targeted Employment Area，简称“TEA地区”），则投资额可降为50万美金。
2017年5月5日，美国总统川普签署Omnibus Appropriations Bill, 把EB-5改革的方案再次延期到了9月30日。 这对于有意投资移民美国的申请人来说无疑是个绝好的消息。但在美国国会内部，已有了提高投资款额的呼声，且目前EB-5的申请人逐年增多，美国未来调整EB-5法案的可能性也越来越大。因此，有意通过投资移民方式取得美国身份的人士应抓紧在法案延期中申办，否则极有可能面临漫长的排期与涨价的风险。